anal triad

Quick Reference

In psychoanalysis, the three personality traits of orderliness, parsimony (or meanness), and obstinacy, first identified by Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) as the distinctive adult traits associated with imperfect negotiation of the anal stage of development (‘Character and Anal Erotism’, 1908, Standard Edition, IX, pp. 169–75). The traits are sometimes called the three Ps: pedantry, parsimony, and petulance. See also anal character, fixation (2), obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

Subjects: Psychology.

Reference entries