George Anderson died in Edinburgh on 19 December 1756 ‘in his eightieth year’. He may have entered Glasgow University in 1696–7 and studied scholastic philosophy under John Tran. He was ordained in the Church of Scotland before January 1706, when he is listed among the chaplains to the Scottish forces in the Netherlands. He was present at Ramillies (1706) and Malplaquet (1709). One soldier kept a record in verse of Anderson's preaching: he upheld the military virtues of Republican Rome and saw the current Catholic enemy as the last remnant of the moral decadence of Imperial Rome (Ferguson, pp. 468–70). In November 1728 he was appointed missioner at Maryburgh and Kilchuiman in the Scottish Highlands, which included pastoral oversight of the garrisons at Fort William and Fort Augustus, later reduced to duties solely at Maryburgh (Fort William). This lasted until 1 October 1737. In April 1741 he became master of George Watson's Hospital, an Edinburgh charity school. Retiring on 3 October 1752, he devoted the remainder of his life to writing.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.