(1812–86), reformer interested in various radical movements, including the manumission of slaves by purchase. His religious and economic free-thinking led him to develop, in his book The Science of Society (1851), a semi-anarchistic social scheme which he called Pantarchy. His other books include Cost the Limit of Price (1851) and Basic Outline of Universology (1872). He helped Victoria Woodhull and her sister to found Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly (1870–76). He was also a brilliant linguist, knew 32 languages, created a universal language he called Alwato, and wrote several books of instruction in shorthand.
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.