Bp. successively of Chichester (from 1605), Ely (1609), and Winchester (1619). He attended the Hampton Court Conference (1604) and was one of the translators of the AV. When James I's defence of the Oath of Allegiance was attacked by St Robert Bellarmine, Andrewes wrote a vigorous and able reply, and in 1617 he accompanied James to Scotland in an attempt to persuade the Scots to accept episcopacy. Theologically he was one of the main influences in the formation of a distinctively Anglican theology, which, in reaction from the rigidity of Puritanism, was to be reasonable in outlook and Catholic in tone. In his lifetime his fame rested on his preaching; the first collection of his sermons was published in 1629. His famous Preces Privatae was a collection of prayers gradually compiled for his own use. Feast day, 25 or 26 Sept. in different parts of the Anglican Communion, the divergence reflecting uncertainty over the date of his death.