Internationally recognized largely self-educated Japanese architect. After travelling in Africa, Europe, and the USA he founded Tadao Ando Architect & Associates in Osaka in 1969. Drawing on traditional materials and vernacular styles, he also used modern techniques of construction, and produced the concept of ‘defensive architecture’ which turned away from the street and looked inwards A leader of Critical Regionalism, he was responsible for the Wall-House at Sumiyoshi, Osaka (1979—which exploits his interest in an architecture stripped to elemental minimals), the Rokko housing, Kobe (1983–93), the Church on the Water, Tomamu, Hokkaido (1988), the Naoshima Museum and Hotel, Kagawa (1990–5), the Museum of Wood, Mikata-gun, Hyogo (1993–4), UNESCO Headquarters, Paris (1994–5), and the Suntory Museum, Osaka (1994). The Naoshima complex shows how Ando employs rigorous geometries and concrete, yet responds with great sensitivity to the site. His Sayamaika Historical Museum, Osaka, was completed in 2002, and his Fort Worth Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX, designed 1997, in 2003.
Ando (1989);Blaser (2001);Century, so C20 = twentieth century (1996);Dal Co (1995);Drew (1996);Frampton (1991);Futagawa (ed.) (1997, 2000);Furuyama (1996);Jodidio (1997 a);Pare (1996);Zabalbeasoa et al. (eds.) (1998)