Manolis Andronicos


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Philip II (382—336 bc)


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(b Bursa, 1919; d Salonika, 30 March 1992).

Greek archaeologist. He is best known for the discovery in November 1977 of a royal tomb, presumed to be that of Philip ii of Macedon, at Aigai (ii) (Vergina), although this sensational event was in fact the culmination of some 40 years of excavating in and around the area. Though he was born in Asia Minor, Andronicos's family fled to Thessaloniki in 1921. He studied at the university there with Constantinos Romeos, who found the first evidence of the site of the Macedonian capital and royal necropolis of Aigai, later firmly identified and fully excavated by Andronicos. During World War II he took part in the Greek resistance movement. After 1945 his attention was devoted to the excavation of the huge tumulus at Vergina, where his discoveries included the theatre where Philip II was assassinated in 336 bc and another unlooted royal tomb, possibly that of Alexander IV (d 310 bc), son of Alexander the Great. The Vergina tombs yielded extraordinarily rich materials. An ivory portrait head of Philip II and other objects are striking both artistically and as personal records of the Macedonian dynasty, and the precious-metal artefacts among the grave goods and the wall paintings on the tombs themselves provide examples of types of art that are seldom preserved in ancient Greek contexts. Andronicos's fame after the Vergina discoveries ensured ample funding for his work from the Greek government, and he received numerous public honours.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Architecture.

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