A truce on 11 July ended the war between the Irish Republican Army and the British army which had been raging since 1919. Negotiations began in earnest in October with Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins representing Ireland. A treaty was signed on 6 December whereby Ireland became a free state, with the six counties of Ulster remaining as part of the UK, but with full dominion status. The Dáil eventually accepted the treaty on 7 January 1922 by 64 votes to 57 and it came into effect on 6 December.
Subjects: Literature — European History.