animal testing

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Animals have been widely used for many years to test vaccines, pharmaceutical drugs, cosmetics, etc. This is a legal requirement under the US Food and Drugs Act and similar legislation in most other nations. The ethical constraints are specified in the regulations of research-granting agencies and internationally by the Council for International Organizations of the Medical Sciences, which has published guidelines on the ethical treatment of animals.

Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

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