animal testing

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'animal testing' can also refer to...

animal testing

animal testing

Is Saccharin Safe? Animal Testing Revisited

III. Animal behaviour testing: memory

The Mirror Test: Humans, Animals and Sentience

Large Animal Models for Vaccine Development and Testing

Testing animal models of human oculomotor control with neuroimaging

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European Union Revamps Toxicology Testing in Attempt to Limit Animal Use, Improve Prediction

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Harmonization of antimicrobial susceptibility testing by broth microdilution for Rhodococcus equi of animal origin

Animal models used to test the interactions between infectious agents and products of cigarette smoked implicated in sudden infant death syndrome

Playback tests and studies of animal contest dynamics: concepts and an example in the gray tree frog

Normative data for two verbal fluency tests (FAS and “Animals”) for 1300 cognitively intact individuals aged 16–90 years

Biomedical Testing on Nonhuman Animals: An Attempt at a Rapprochement Between Utilitarianism and Theories of Inherent Value

Testing the New Animal Phylogeny: First Use of Combined Large-Subunit and Small-Subunit rRNA Gene Sequences to Classify the Protostomes

Workshop Overview: Scientific and Regulatory Challenges for the Reduction, Refinement, and Replacement of Animals in Toxicity Testing

Immune response to bovine pericardium implanted into α1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout mice: feasibility as an animal model for testing efficacy of anticalcification treatments of xenografts

Filling the Concept with Data: Integrating Data from Different In Vitro and In Silico Assays on Skin Sensitizers to Explore the Battery Approach for Animal-Free Skin Sensitization Testing


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Animals have been widely used for many years to test vaccines, pharmaceutical drugs, cosmetics, etc. This is a legal requirement under the US Food and Drugs Act and similar legislation in most other nations. The ethical constraints are specified in the regulations of research-granting agencies and internationally by the Council for International Organizations of the Medical Sciences, which has published guidelines on the ethical treatment of animals.

Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

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