Tolstoi's 1878 novel and its tragic heroine have been the basis for several ballets. Plisetskaya created a three-act version in 1972, in conjunction with Natalia Ryzhenko and Victor Smirnov-Golovanov. The libretto was by Boris Lvov-Anokhin, music by Shchedrin, and design by V. Leventhal (Plisetskaya's costumes by Pierre Cardin). Premiered 10 June by the Bolshoi Ballet, Moscow, with Plisetskaya, M. Liepa, Fadeyechev, and Y. Vladimirov. Full-length versions have been created by A. Prokovsky (mus. Tchaikovsky, 1979), Australian Ballet, and Ratmansky (mus. Shchedrin, Royal Danish Ballet, 2004; revived Finnish National Ballet, 2008).