These formed part of the campaign by Henry VIII to cajole the papacy into granting an annulment of the king's first marriage, or to give statutory authority for the English church to act independently. ‘Annates’ were taxes levied by the papacy on recently appointed clergy. The Act in Conditional Restraint of Annates (23 Hen. VIII c. 20), passed in spring 1532, required that these payments be suspended. In the November–December 1534 session, after the pope had excommunicated Henry, the Act in Absolute Restraint of Annates (25 Hen. VIII c. 20) abolished annates entirely.
Subjects: British History.