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Also known as bixin, butter colour, or rocou; an orange colouring (E160(b) extracted from the fruit of the tropical shrub Bixa orellana. The main component is the carotenoid bixin, which is fat-soluble. It is used to colour cheese, dairy produce, and baked goods. The seeds are used for flavouring in Caribbean and Latin American foods.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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