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A ceremonial action to separate persons and things from profane use and to obtain for them the infusion of Divine grace. In the OT priests and kings are anointed, and the future deliverer is designated the ‘Anointed One’ or ‘Messiah’ (q.v.). The Church from early times used sacramental anointing in the rites of Baptism, Confirmation, and Ordination, as well as in the consecration of churches, bells, altars, etc. See also chrism, unction, and Coronation rite in England.

Subjects: Christianity.

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