A procedure in HIV testing, in which the identity of the tested individual is withheld or in which all personal identifying information is stripped from the specimen before it is submitted for testing. Disclosure of a positive test result for HIV infection can have serious adverse consequences for employment, eligibility for insurance policies, social life, etc. Thus, there are advantages for individuals to retain the right to keep secret the fact that they have tested positive. This can be achieved by anonymous-linked HIV testing, in which the identity of individuals with positive results can be ascertained only by reference to an identifying code number and only the individual concerned knows the number. Another form of anonymous HIV testing is used in seroprevalence surveys, in which the blood samples are stripped of all personal identifiers. This is anonymous-unlinked HIV testing.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.