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n. any substance that inhibits the action of cholinesterase, the enzyme that is responsible for the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, and therefore allows acetylcholine to continue transmitting nerve impulses. Drugs with anticholinesterase activity include neostigmine, pyridostigmine, and edrophonium; their uses include the diagnosis and treatment of myasthenia gravis. See also parasympathomimetic.

Subjects: Medicine and Health — Science and Mathematics.

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