A figure of speech that replaces a proper name with an epithet (the Bard for Shakespeare), official address (His Holiness for a pope), or other indirect description; or one that applies a famous proper name to a person alleged to share some quality associated with it, e.g. a Casanova, a little Hitler. Antonomasia is common in epic poetry: Homer frequently refers to Achilles as Pelides (i.e. son of Peleus). Adjective: antonomastic. See also metonymy.