(c. 83–30 bc),
Roman general and triumvir. A supporter of Julius Caesar, in 43 he was appointed one of the triumvirate after Caesar's murder. Following the battle of Philippi he took charge of the Eastern Empire, where he established his association with Cleopatra. Quarrels with Octavian (see Augustus) led finally to his defeat at the battle of Actium and to his suicide.
Subjects: Classical Studies.