Overview

Apgar score


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A method of rapidly assessing the general state of a baby immediately after birth. A score of 0, 1, or 2 points is given for each sign, usually measured at one minute and five minutes after delivery (see table). Thus an infant scoring a total of 10 points would be in optimum condition. When the score is low, the test is repeated at intervals as a guide to short-term progress. V. Apgar (1909–74), US anaesthetist

Apgar score

Apgar score

0

1

2

Appearance

Blue

Acrocyanotic

Pink

Pulse rate (bpm)

Absent

<100

>100

Reflex irritability

No response

Grimace

Vigorous cough/sneeze

Muscle tone

Limp

Some flexion of extremities

Active movement

Respiratory effort

Absent

Slow/irregular breaths

Good respiratory effort and cry

Subjects: Medicine and Health.


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