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‘a settlement far from home, a colony’, and hence a Greek community regarded as distinct from the kind of trading‐post conventionally known as an emporion. In effect, an apoikia may be defined as a polis established abroad by a polis (or metropolis: ‘mother city’) at home: the official processes required the appointment of a leader/founder. The development of the polis at home in Greece coincided chronologically with the colonizing movement that was in progress between c.734 and 580 bc. Given the continuing importance of trade to the main colonizing cities, it follows that the distinction between apoikia and emporion—the settlement type characteristic of the pre‐colonial phase—is in some cases more apparent than real. Certain apoikiai could well have been considered in effect as emporia first and poleis second; and the sheer size and population‐density of at least one early emporion, Pithecusae, seemingly established on a typically pre‐colonial ad hoc basis, soon brought about a degree of social organization that might reasonably be expected of a ‘true’ apoikia. See founders of cities; colonization, greek.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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