Of Athens (c.180–after 120 bc), the last of a series of intellectual giants in Alexandria.
His Chronicle was based on the researches of Eratosthenes, although it extended coverage beyond the death of Alexander 2 the Great to Apollodorus' time. Written in comic trimeters which made it easy to memorize, it covered successive periods of history, philosophical schools, and the life and work of individuals from the fall of Troy (1184) to 146/5; later it was continued to 119 or 110/9 bc. Apollodorus often synchronized events and used archon lists for dating. On the Gods was a rationalistic account of Greek religion, much used by later writers, including Philodemus.
Apollodorus' authority gave rise to imitations, including the extant Library, a study of Greek heroic myth, which presents an uncritical summary of traditional mythology (1st or 2nd cent. ad). See time‐reckoning; mythographers.
Subjects: Classical Studies.