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Of Damascus, building‐expert (architektōn), to whom are attributed the forum Traiani and baths of Trajan (he may therefore be responsible for Trajan's Column) and Trajan's bridge over the upper Danube. He is said to have disagreed with Hadrian, having mocked his innovative architectural interest in ‘pumpkins’—the complex vaulted structures that were to be so characteristic of the imperial villa at Tibur—and to have been banished and later killed for criticizing the emperor's temple of Venus and Rome.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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