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1 The 31 RC secular priests who in 1598–9 appealed to Rome for the cancellation of the appointment of G. Blackwell as archpriest and superior of the mission. The original Appeal failed, but after further Appeals in 1601 and 1602 Blackwell was reprimanded.

2 The name given to those of Jansenist and Gallican sentiments who rejected the condemnation by ‘Unigenitus’ (1713) of 101 propositions from P. Quesnel's Reflexions morales. In 1717 four bishops appealed against the Papal Bull to the next General Council; they were soon joined by other bishops, the Sorbonne, and some clergy. In 1718 Clement XI formally condemned and excommunicated them.

Subjects: Christianity.

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