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Fruit of the tree Malus sylvestris and its many cultivars and hybrids; there are more than 2 000 varieties in the British National Fruit Collection. The first apple seeds in North America are believed to have been planted in 1629 in Massachussetts Bay by Gov. John Endecott. Crab apples are grown mainly for decoration and for pollination of fruit-bearing trees, although the sour fruit can be used for making jelly. Cooking apples are generally sourer varieties than dessert apples, and have flesh that crumbles on cooking; cider apples are sour varieties especially suited to the making of cider. One apple (110 g) provides 2.2 g of dietary fibre and supplies 40 kcal (165 kJ).

Subjects: Medicine and Health — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

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