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Islamic creed or articles of faith. Quranic formulation includes belief in God, angels, prophets, scriptures, and the Day of Judgment. Early creeds reflected Shii-Sunni polemics: Shiis upheld the notion of the designated imamate, and Sunnis responded that the community elected the imam and that the historical order of the caliphates of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali was theologically proper. More detailed formulations stress a triad—belief in God, the Prophet, and the Day of Judgment—as constituting the essential belief system in Islam.

Subjects: Islam.

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