al- Aqṣā

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Seventh-century mosque in the Haram al-Sharif, Jerusalem. Known as the “Farther Mosque” to distinguish it from the “Holy Mosque” of Mecca. Mentioned in connection with the Prophet's Noctural Journey in the Quran (17:1). A first version was founded around 637 after the conquest of Jerusalem, but in 715 Umayyad caliph al-Walid built a much larger structure at the south end of the Haram, later destroyed and again rebuilt. In its present form the building largely dates to the eleventh century. In 1969 an arsonist's fire destroyed the twelfth-century pulpit (minbar) given to the mosque by Salah al-Din (Saladin).

See also Haram al-Sharif; Jerusalem

Subjects: Islam.

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