Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

A family of trees or shrubs that have leathery, alternate, evergreen, sometimes spiny, simple, exstipulate leaves. They are usually dioecious. The flowers, borne in small cymes, are regular, tetra- or pentamerous. The petals and stamens are usually free. The fruit is a small drupe with 3 or more stones.Ilex aquifolium (holly), native in western and central Europe, is much grown for its foliage and for the scarlet fruits of the female trees. There are 4 genera, with more than 420 species, found throughout the world, except in Arctic regions, but centred on the tropics.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.