declaration of Arbroath

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The name usually given to the letter of the Scottish barons to Pope John XXII, dated at Arbroath on 6 April 1320, which proclaimed the ancient independence of Scotland and denounced English efforts at conquest. It was part of Robert I of Scotland's response to his threatened excommunication for failing to observe papal demands for a truce. The letter attracted little attention till the late 17th cent., since when it has often been described as a Scottish ‘Declaration of Independence’.

Subjects: British History.

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