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King of Macedon (413–399 bc). He gained the throne by murder and was eventually assassinated by two male lovers. His reign is notable for co‐operation with Athens (supply of shipbuilding materials), increasing security (fortress‐ and road‐building; improvement of infantry and cavalry; matrimonial alliances), increasing wealth (resumption of silver coinage), transfer of major residence to Pella (strategically important; became the largest Macedonian city), and a ‘Hellenizing’ policy (theatre festival at Dium; patronage of Zeuxis, Timotheus, Agathon, and Euripides).

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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