Mountain located outside of Mecca, on whose plain pilgrims gather on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah. There they pray continously from just after noon until shortly after sunset. Many believe that God's spirit descends closest to earth at this spot at this time, making it easier for human prayers to attract His attention. A sermon is also preached there during the pilgrimage, commemorating Muhammad's final pilgrimage and farewell sermon from this site. Standing at Arafat is one of the three minimum requirements of the hajj. Some believe that one of the greatest sins is standing at Arafat and doubting God's forgiveness.
See also Hajj