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Agesilaus (c. 445—359 bc)


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Who married an aunt and reigned for over 40 years (?469–427bc), in succession to Leotychidas II. He first distinguished himself by his resolute response to the great earthquake of 464, which had prompted a massive revolt of the helots aided by a couple of the communities of the perioikoi in Messenia. But even his seniority was insufficient to dissuade the Spartan assembly from voting for war with Athens in 432, and he led the allied forces in invasions of Attica on three occasions (431, 430, 428); in 429 he inaugurated the siege of Plataea in Boeotia. Twice married, he was allegedly fined on the first occasion for marrying a too short wife (the mother of Agis II); his second marriage produced Agesilaus II.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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