1 A type of strip mining that is practiced on relatively flat land, which involves cutting a trench through the overburden in order to expose the deposit of mineral or ore to be removed. The overburden is placed on un‐mined land adjacent to the cut, and the mineral or ore is then removed. A second cut is then made parallel to the first, the overburden from which is deposited in the first cut. This process is continued until the mineral or ore is all extracted. Also known as area strip mining.
2 Surface mining, on a large scale, in an area of level or gently rolling ground.