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Peloponnesian wars


Xenophon (c. 428—354 bc) Greek historian, writer, and military leader


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Small islands between Lesbos and the mainland, scene of a battle between the Athenian and Spartan fleets in 406 bc. Sparta's 120 triremes were probably in a single line abeam, Athens' 150 in a double line abeam. Xenophon says the Athenians, on this occasion having the inferior fleet, adopted this formation in order to prevent the enemy breaking through their line in the manœuvre known as diekplous, and then swinging round to attack from the stern. The result was a victory for the Athenians, but it was marred by the failure to pick up survivors from their crippled ships, when a storm arose.

Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

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