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Of Samothrace (c.216–144 bc), sat at the feet of Aristophanes of Byzantium at Alexandria. He became head of the Alexandrian Library c.153. On the accession of Ptolemy VIII (145) he left Alexandria for Cyprus, where he died. With him real scholarship began, and his work covered the wide range of grammatical, etymological, orthographical, literary, and textual criticism. He wrote critical recensions of poetic texts, commentaries on poets and also Herodotus, and critical treatises on particular matters relating to the Iliad and Odyssey. The school which he founded at Alexandria and which lasted into the Roman imperial period had many distinguished pupils, e.g. Apollodorus 2 and Dionysius Thrax.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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