Arran was a great‐grandson of James II of Scotland. On the death of James V in 1542 he was heir presumptive to the Scottish throne, Mary being a tiny infant. From 1543 he was regent on her behalf. At first pro‐English and anxious for a marriage between Mary and Edward VI, when this fell through and war followed, he abjured protestantism and moved towards the French interest. In 1554 he gave up the regency to Mary of Guise, though he retained hopes of a marriage between Queen Mary and his own son. He opposed the Darnley marriage and was obliged to leave the kingdom between 1565 and 1569. On his return, he supported the queen's party.
Subjects: British History.