Periodical (ten issues a year) devoted to contemporary art, founded in San Francisco in 1962. The place of publication moved to Los Angeles in 1965 and to New York in 1967, and the title changed to Artforum International in 1982. It is the leading American journal in its field, well produced and illustrated, attracting contributions from many well-known avant-garde artists, and often serving as an arena for controversy. The critics particularly associated with Artforum include Michael Fried, who is important for developing the formalist arguments of Clement Greenberg. However, by the 1970s the journal became associated with the reaction against formalism and frequently paid as much attention to photography as painting. Nonetheless, its approach was insufficiently radical for some critics, who founded an alternative journal, October, in 1976. A collection of pieces from Artforum was published as Artforum Anthology in 1984.