Archibald Arthur was born into a Scottish farming family on 6 September 1744 and died on 14 June 1797. He attended school in Renfrewshire and later studied at the University of Glasgow, where he took an MA. He was invited by the University to lecture on various topics, including botany and church history. He was licensed to preach in October 1767 and was shortly afterwards appointed University librarian. In 1780, he began taking Thomas Reid's lectures in philosophy and succeeded Reid as Professor of Philosophy after Reid's death in 1796.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.