Fat substitutes that simulate the creaminess and taste of fat, but which have low or zero calories. One ‘fat-free fat’ called Olestra is made from a type of sucrose polyester that is indigestible and has no calories. Olestra is intended for use in the manufacture of ‘fat-free’ potato crisps. It is not yet on the market, but is going through the approval process by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA and the Department of Health in the UK. Another artificial fat, Simplesse, is already on the market in extremely low-fat spreads (it has only 5 per cent fat compared with 80 per cent fat in most margarines). It is made from egg white and milk protein. If they pass all the safety tests, many nutritionists would favour the use of these artificial fats if they help to reduce fat intake.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.