Archbishop of Canterbury. The third son of Richard Fitz Alan, 8th earl of Arundel, Thomas was an Oxford undergraduate when he became bishop of Ely in 1374. When the baronial critics of Richard II took control in 1386, Arundel was appointed chancellor and promoted to the archbishopric of York in 1388. He was replaced as chancellor after Richard's resumption of authority in 1389, but again held the office from 1391 until he was translated to Canterbury in 1396. Next year, Richard destroyed the leadership of the former opposition and Arundel was deprived of his archbishopric by fictitious translation to St Andrews. He regained Canterbury in 1399 by supporting Henry IV's usurpation. In the new reign, Arundel was again chancellor from 1407 to 1410, when his resignation marked the rise of a faction headed by Prince Henry (later Henry V). On its fall, Henry IV reappointed Arundel as chancellor, in 1412. The accession of Henry V in 1413 ended Arundel's role as a power behind the throne.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — British History.