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ārya-pudgala


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(Skt.; Pāli, ariya-puggala).

A ‘noble person’, one who is at any stage of the Noble Path (ārya-mārga). There are four such persons, namely the stream-winner (śrotāpanna), the once-returner (sakṛdāgāmin), the non-returner (anāgāmin) and the Arhat. According to an alternative sevenfold grouping found in Pāli sources individuals enter the Noble Path in different ways according to their personal disposition. In terms of this the noble disciples are classified as: (1) one who follows in faith (saddhā-anusārin); (2) one liberated by faith (saddhā-vimutta); (3) one who witnesses with the body (kāya-sakkhi); (4) one liberated both ways (ubhato-bhāga-vimutta); (5) one who follows in the Dharma (dhamma-anusārin); (6) one who has attained to vision (diṭṭhippatta); (7) one liberated by insight (paññā-vimutta). Thus the Noble Path may be attained through faith (as with the first), or through an intellectual grasp of the teachings (as with the fifth). One may also enter it and reach fruition on the basis of both (as with the fourth).

(1) one who follows in faith (saddhā-anusārin); (2) one liberated by faith (saddhā-vimutta); (3) one who witnesses with the body (kāya-sakkhi); (4) one liberated both ways (ubhato-bhāga-vimutta); (5) one who follows in the Dharma (dhamma-anusārin); (6) one who has attained to vision (diṭṭhippatta); (7) one liberated by insight (paññā-vimutta).

Subjects: Buddhism.


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