Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

A philosophical doctrine concerning origination or causation, according to which the material effect differs from, or does not pre-exist in the material cause. This position is held by the Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika schools, as well as by certain Buddhist schools, and Madhva's Dvaita Vedānta. For example, the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas maintain that a wooden table is a new object that is neither identical with nor pre-existent in the wood from which it was made. More significantly, it leads them to postulate an agent or efficient cause of the universe, namely God (īśvara). See also satkāryavāda.

Subjects: Hinduism.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.