(b Ilford, 22 June 1894; d Peebles, 25 Feb 1988).
English archaeologist. One of the most distinguished Classical scholars of the 20th century, specializing in Greek and Roman sculpture, he was equally well known for his skills as an administrator and teacher. He was appointed Assistant Curator of Coins at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, in 1922, leaving the post to become Director of the British School in Rome in 1925. Tempted by the opportunity of proximity to the British Museum collections and library, Ashmole returned to England in 1929 to take up the Yates Chair of Classical Archaeology at the University of London (1929–48), soon arranging a transfer to the university of the museum's collection of plaster casts. As Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities at the British Museum (1939–56), he was largely responsible for the eventual display of the Elgin Marbles in the Duveen Gallery. He returned to Oxford in 1956 as Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology, from which post he retired in 1961, although he continued to take up visiting professorships and lecturing engagements in Britain and abroad. As advisor to J. Paul Getty, he was instrumental in gathering a nucleus of Classical sculptures for the J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu, CA.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture in Oxford Reference.