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A constituent state of the Republic (Union) of India, to which it is linked by a narrow corridor through the lower Himalayas. Conquered by the British by 1838, it was developed into a plantation economy. A large Hindu and Muslim labour force was imported to this end. Assam suffered from some of the worst ethnic and communal tensions after Indian independence in 1947. These were aggravated by Indian administrative reorganizations aimed at destroying Assam as a single entity, and by the influx of around two million Muslims from neighbouring East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in the Pakistan Civil War (1970).

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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