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A person who has undertaken training or exercises to become proficient in physical activities such as competitive sports (athletics). Athletes are generally healthier and enjoy greater longevity than do nonathletes, but depending on the nature of the sports they practice, their competitiveness and violence, the accompanying trauma, stress on bones, joints and soft tissues, or their use of performance-enhancing drugs such as steroids, they may be exposed to a range of risks of injury and even premature death. The specialty of sports medicine has developed many health-promoting and injury-avoiding methods to cater to athletes' needs.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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