British mathematician, who has made significant contributions to topology and algebraic geometry. He was knighted in 1983, appointed to the Order of Merit in 1992, and was president of the Royal Society from 1990 to 1995.
Born in London, Atiyah was educated at Victoria College in Egypt, Manchester Grammar School, and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford (1963–69) before accepting the chair of mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton in 1969. He was Royal Society Research Professor at the Mathematical Institute in Oxford (1973–90) and was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1990 until his retirement in 1997. Atiyah has developed a number of sophisticated modern mathematical techniques in the fields of algebraic geometry and differential equations. Some of them have been deployed in such areas as thermodynamics and particle physics. His collected works were published in 1988.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Mathematics.