Fariduddin Attar

(d. 1220)

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(d. ca. 1220)

Persian mystic poet. Worked as a pharmacist in Nishapur. Said to have been killed by invading Mongols. Known for mystical epic poems narrating the soul's progression to inner perfection, as well as couplet poems, the most famous of which is the Simurgh. Wrote a widely read Sufi hagiography. Portrayed the controversial martyr al-Hallaj (d. 922) as an exemplary model. His stories uphold the idea that the release of the soul is attainable in life by eliminating the self, that the universal soul is found within. Notable for lively presentations full of anecdotes and didactic digressions. Numerous lesser attributed works are of questionable authenticity.

Subjects: Islam.

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