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The assignment of causes to behaviour, or the perception or inference of the causes of behaviour, such causes including personal dispositional factors and external situational factors. The term was introduced in this sense in 1958 by the Austrian-born US psychologist Fritz Heider (1896–1988). See also actor-observer difference, attributional bias, attribution theory, covariation principle, false-consensus effect, fundamental attribution error, Kelley's cube, person perception, positivity bias (1), self-serving bias. attributional adj.

Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

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