(1719—1772) consort of Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales

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Princess Augusta was sixteen when she came to England and knew no English; Lord Hervey described her as tall, pleasant, but a little awkward. She was at once plunged into the turmoil of court politics when, the following year, her husband removed her from Hampton Court when she was in labour, to the fury of George II. As a result, they were turned out of St James's palace and made their home at Leicester House. Eight more children in the next twelve years suggests that she found her husband less disagreeable than most others did. Frederick's early death in 1751 left her son, George, as heir to the throne. As princess dowager, she would have attracted little attention had she not been used as a weapon to attack Lord Bute, her son's Groom of the Stole and chief minister, with whom, in countless squibs and ballads, she was accused of improper relations. Such allegations seem most improbable, nor was she the baneful influence on her son which gave her the pivotal role in Horace Walpole's demonology. She shared with Bute a love of plants, and was responsible for the development of Kew Gardens.

From The Kings and Queens of Britain in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: British History.

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