Civitas‐capital of the Treveri, developed from a settlement around a fort established under Augustus to guard a crossing of the Moselle. In the early empire it became the seat of the imperial procurator of Belgica and the Germanies (see gaul (Transalpine); germania), and eventually also that of the governor of Belgica. It soon gained colonial status. Later, the advantages of its position brought it even more success. The colony covered well over 280 ha. (690 acres). Impressive remains include a bridge, an amphitheatre, bath‐buildings, the ‘porta Nigra’ gateway, the cathedral, and an imperial audience hall. Its environs are rich in remains.
Subjects: Architecture — Classical Studies.