(63—14 bc)

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(63 bc–ad 14),

the first Roman emperor; also called (until 27 bc) Octavian. He was adopted by the will of his great-uncle Julius Caesar and gained supreme power by his defeat of Mark Antony in 31 bc. In 27 bc he was given the title Augustus (‘venerable’) and became in effect the first Roman emperor.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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