autonomous republic

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Soviet federalism designated a hierarchy of subunits from the centre: republics, given the ethnic name of the titular majority and with the official right to secede; autonomous republics, mainly in the Russian Federation, with an ethnic identity but without the right to secede; and autonomous regions, with some geographical or historical identity but without an ethnic basis. The independence movement in the Chechen Republic challenged Russian federal control, leading to violent military conflict between 1994 and 2000.

Subjects: Politics.

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